Controversies in migraine treatment: opioids be avoided



The use of opioids for migraine is still controversial. Evidence-based guidelines do not recommend opioids as first-line treatment of migraine attacks, while clinical and epidemiological surveys demonstrate that the use of opioids is associated with more severe headache-related disability, symptomology and comorbidities, and greater health-care resource utilization. There are concerns that opioids may be misused or abused, leading to opioid abuse or dependence and migraineurs are particularly prone and at risk for the development of chronic daily headache from opioids overuse. Since clinical and preclinical studies evidence a pathophysiological role of opioids in migraine progression, opioids should be avoided in migraine patients.


Autori: G. Casucci, S. Cevoli

Neurol Sci (2013) 34 (Suppl 1):S125-S128